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by Simona De Pascalis

Polychrome wax anatomical model of a multiple birth by sculptor Giovan Battista Manfredini from Bologna, 1780 ca., housed at the Museo Storico Nazionale dell’Arte Sanitaria, Rome. In the XVIII Century obstetrics, formerly confined to “skilled”, experienced, women with no specific education, finally turned into a more specialized discipline for surgeons and graduated midwives. Antonio Scarpa encouraged the production of wax anatomical models of uteruses as a teaching aid, such as this beautiful specimen.